What was the difference between Mahatma Gandhi and Rabindranath Tagore in their approach towards education and nationalism

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What was the difference between Mahatma Gandhi and Rabindranath Tagore in their approach towards education and nationalism? Mahatma Gandhi and Rabindranath Tagore, two towering figures in India’s struggle for independence, had distinct approaches towards education and nationalism.

Mahatma Gandhi:

  1. Nationalism: Gandhi’s approach to nationalism was deeply rooted in non-violence (Ahimsa) and civil disobedience. He believed in achieving India’s independence through peaceful means and moral persuasion.
  2. Education: Gandhi’s philosophy of education emphasized character development, moral values, and practical skills. He promoted Nai Talim or basic education, emphasizing the importance of manual labor and self-sufficiency.
  3. Medium of Education: He advocated for vernacular languages as the medium of instruction to make education more accessible to the masses.
  4. Community-Centered: Gandhi’s education was community-centered, aiming to uplift the rural and marginalized sections of society.

Rabindranath Tagore:

  1. Nationalism: Tagore’s approach to nationalism was more cosmopolitan and spiritual. He criticized excessive patriotism and nationalism, emphasizing the need for universal humanism.
  2. Education: Tagore’s educational philosophy focused on holistic development, creativity, and individuality. He founded Santiniketan, an experimental school that encouraged open-air learning and artistic expression.
  3. Medium of Education: Tagore believed in the importance of the mother tongue but also stressed the value of global awareness through an international outlook.
  4. Internationalist: He was a proponent of internationalism and believed that education should transcend borders to foster understanding and cooperation among nations.

In summary, while both Gandhi and Tagore shared a deep love for their country, their approaches to education and nationalism differed significantly. Gandhi’s approach was grounded in non-violence and community-centered education, whereas Tagore’s approach was more cosmopolitan, emphasizing individuality, creativity, and internationalism.

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